The hills of Tavignano have a position that is particularly favourable for the health of the vines: their 360° opening allows constant ventilation, while the position of the two river valleys assure a strong influence of the winds from the sea.
Of the estate’s overall 230 hectares, about 30 are vineyards, broken down according to the varieties:
- 17 ha of Verdicchio
- 1 ha of Passerina
- 4.5 ha of Montepulciano
- 3 ha of Sangiovese
- 2.5 ha of Lacrima
- 1 ha of Cabernet Sauvignon
- 1 ha of Merlot
The planting has been carried out since 1992, choosing not overly thick planting layouts to facilitate a long life to the vineyards. The vineyards are divided into two main blocks, separated from one another only by the cellar and the manor house: one for Verdicchio and Passerina and one for the red grape varieties. The rows are all starting from the ridges of the hills, at an average altitude of 310 m, and follow the rittochino planting scheme toward the valley, following the maximum slope and the best exposures.
The block of Verdicchio, located on the slope of the estate that looks toward the Apennines, extends contiguously on a coast of land facing south in a first portion, to the east in a second and lastly to the southeast in a final section that overlooks the valley of the Musone. The latter sector, called Misco, gives life to the selections of Verdicchio because it best expresses the complex character of the grape variety and its longevity potential. The soils of 16 hectares of Verdicchio are all predominantly clayey-calcareous and moderately poor, a fundamental character for naturally limiting the inherent vigorousness of the Verdicchio variety. In this way, the vines orient themselves easily toward a production of grapes in moderate quantities, but capable of generating wines of great complexity and refinement. The planting layout of 3 m x 1.5 m is designed to accommodate the vigorous character of the grape variety. The estate block looking toward the sea hosts the red grape varieties and has slightly more dense planting layouts (0.80 m x 2.60 m) to ensure a modest but beneficial stress of the vines. The soils, even if very close to those of the vineyards of Verdicchio, differ from them because they manifest a predominantly sandier texture and a greater presence of gravel. The latter characteristic is strongly linked to the fact that, in the past, where now there are vineyards, there was once a stone quarry.